# K 근접 이웃

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## 노트

### 위키데이터

- ID : Q1071612

### 말뭉치

- Training with the k-NN algorithm has three steps: sampling, dimension reduction, and index building.
^{[1]} - For dimension reduction, the algorithm decreases the feature dimension of the data to reduce the footprint of the k-NN model in memory and inference latency.
^{[1]} - The main objective of k-NN's training is to construct the index.
^{[1]} - For training inputs, k-NN supports text/csv and application/x-recordio-protobuf data formats.
^{[1]} - Nevertheless, it integrates the base similarity measures in a way that is optimal in the KNN framework.
^{[2]} - We tested the performance of the RB-KNN methods on three functional classification schemes for E. coli.
^{[2]} - Given the k nearest neighbors, the naive KNN method selects the functional class that is voted for by the maximum number of neighbors.
^{[2]} - The first step of the application of the k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm on a new Example is to find the k closest training Examples.
^{[3]} - Due to the fact that distances often depends on absolute values, it is recommended to normalize data before training and applying the k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm.
^{[3]} - In the second step, the k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm classify the unknown Example by a majority vote of the found neighbors.
^{[3]} - knn can be used as a classifier.
^{[4]} - knn can be used for regression problems.
^{[4]} - As we have just seen in the pseudocode above, KNN needs a function to calculate the distance between two observations.
^{[5]} - Logically, we would think that the query point is probably red, but because = 1, the KNN algorithm incorrectly predicts that the query point is green.
^{[5]} - Note that because k-NN involves calculating distances between datapoints, we must use numeric variables only.
^{[6]} - For example, if we had “income” as a variable, it would be on a much larger scale than “age”, which could be problematic given the k-NN relies on distances.
^{[6]} - The kNN join is a primitive operation and is widely used in many data mining applications.
^{[7]} - However, it is an expensive operation because it combines the kNN query and the join operation, whereas most existing methods assume the use of the Euclidean distance metric.
^{[7]} - We alternatively consider the problem of processing kNN joins in road networks where the distance between two points is the length of the shortest path connecting them.
^{[7]} - We propose a shared execution-based approach called the group-nested loop (GNL) method that can efficiently evaluate kNN joins in road networks by exploiting grouping and shared execution.
^{[7]} - Then, the k-NN algorithm was activated, which was to recognize the changing over time state of the test drill bit on the basis of features of signals included in the test data set.
^{[8]} - kNN classifier is to classify unlabeled observations by assigning them to the class of the most similar labeled examples.
^{[9]} - Another concept is the parameter k which decides how many neighbors will be chosen for kNN algorithm.
^{[9]} - The R package class contains very useful function for the purpose of kNN machine learning algorithm (7).
^{[9]} - Because kNN is a non-parametric algorithm, we will not obtain parameters for the model.
^{[9]} - KNN used in the variety of applications such as finance, healthcare, political science, handwriting detection, image recognition and video recognition.
^{[10]} - KNN algorithm used for both classification and regression problems.
^{[10]} - KNN performs better with a lower number of features than a large number of features.
^{[10]} - Now, you understand the KNN algorithm working mechanism.
^{[10]} - The K Nearest Neighbor (KNN) method computes the Euclidean distance from each segment in the segmentation image to every training region that you define.
^{[11]} - The KNN method weights all attributes equally.
^{[11]} - For kNN we assign each document to the majority class of its closest neighbors where is a parameter.
^{[12]} - For general in kNN, consider the region in the space for which the set of nearest neighbors is the same.
^{[12]} - The parameter in kNN is often chosen based on experience or knowledge about the classification problem at hand.
^{[12]} - Figure 15.3 shows an example of a classification solution using the k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm.
^{[13]} - The job of the k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm is to predict the Category (A or B) to which the triangle (new) data points belong.
^{[13]} - This facility is not available in the k-Nearest Neighbor algorithm, and thus constitutes a significant disadvantage.
^{[13]} - K-Nearest Neighbor also known as KNN is a supervised learning algorithm that can be used for regression as well as classification problems.
^{[14]} - But KNN is widely used for classification problems in machine learning.
^{[14]} - KNN works on a principle assuming every data point falling near to each other is falling in the same class.
^{[14]} - KNN algorithms decide a number k which is the nearest Neighbor to that data point which is to be classified.
^{[14]} - If you’re familiar with machine learning and the basic algorithms that are used in the field, then you’ve probably heard of the k-nearest neighbors algorithm, or KNN.
^{[15]} - KNN is a model that classifies data points based on the points that are most similar to it.
^{[15]} - KNN is an algorithm that is considered both non-parametric and an example of lazy learning.
^{[15]} - KNN is often used in simple recommendation systems, image recognition technology, and decision-making models.
^{[15]} - In this blog, we’ll talk about one of the most widely used machine learning algorithms for classification, which is the K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) algorithm.
^{[16]} - The K-NN algorithm is very easy to implement.
^{[16]} - The K-nearest neighbors (KNN) machine learning algorithm is a well-known non-parametric classification method.
^{[17]} - In this paper, an approach has been proposed to improve the pruning phase of the LC-KNN method by taking into account these factors.
^{[17]} - We now have all of the pieces to make predictions with KNN.
^{[18]} - Follow the tutorial and implement KNN from scratch.
^{[18]} - It warrants noting that kNN is a "supervised" classification method in that it uses the class labels of the training data.
^{[19]} - So for this identification, we can use the KNN algorithm, as it works on a similarity measure.
^{[20]} - Our KNN model will find the similar features of the new data set to the cats and dogs images and based on the most similar features it will put it in either cat or dog category.
^{[20]} - Why do we need a K-NN Algorithm?
^{[20]} - To solve this type of problem, we need a K-NN algorithm.
^{[20]} - In this article, we will talk about another widely used machine learning classification technique called K-nearest neighbors (KNN).
^{[21]} - KNN can be used for both classification and regression predictive problems.
^{[21]} - KNN algorithm fairs across all parameters of considerations.
^{[21]} - The “K” is KNN algorithm is the nearest neighbor we wish to take the vote from.
^{[21]} - k-NN is a type of instance-based learning, or lazy learning, where the function is only approximated locally and all computation is deferred until function evaluation.
^{[22]} - The neighbors are taken from a set of objects for which the class (for k-NN classification) or the object property value (for k-NN regression) is known.
^{[22]} - The accuracy of the k-NN algorithm can be severely degraded by the presence of noisy or irrelevant features, or if the feature scales are not consistent with their importance.
^{[22]} - Using an approximate nearest neighbor search algorithm makes k-NN computationally tractable even for large data sets.
^{[22]} - The k-nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithm is a simple, easy-to-implement supervised machine learning algorithm that can be used to solve both classification and regression problems.
^{[23]} - The KNN algorithm assumes that similar things exist in close proximity.
^{[23]} - The KNN algorithm hinges on this assumption being true enough for the algorithm to be useful.
^{[23]} - Reasonably, we would think the query point is most likely red, but because K=1, KNN incorrectly predicts that the query point is green.
^{[23]}

### 소스

- ↑
^{1.0}^{1.1}^{1.2}^{1.3}K-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN) Algorithm - ↑
^{2.0}^{2.1}^{2.2}A Regression-based K nearest neighbor algorithm for gene function prediction from heterogeneous data - ↑
^{3.0}^{3.1}^{3.2}RapidMiner Documentation - ↑
^{4.0}^{4.1}k-Nearest Neighbors - ↑
^{5.0}^{5.1}Understand the Fundamentals of the K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) Algorithm - ↑
^{6.0}^{6.1}k-Nearest Neighbor: An Introductory Example - ↑
^{7.0}^{7.1}^{7.2}^{7.3}Efficient Shared Execution Processing of k-Nearest Neighbor Joins in Road Networks - ↑ Use of nearest neighbors (k-NN) algorithm in tool condition identification in the case of drilling in melamine faced particleboard
- ↑
^{9.0}^{9.1}^{9.2}^{9.3}Introduction to machine learning: k-nearest neighbors - ↑
^{10.0}^{10.1}^{10.2}^{10.3}KNN Classification using Scikit-learn - ↑
^{11.0}^{11.1}K Nearest Neighbor Background - ↑
^{12.0}^{12.1}^{12.2}k nearest neighbor - ↑
^{13.0}^{13.1}^{13.2}K Nearest Neighbor - an overview - ↑
^{14.0}^{14.1}^{14.2}^{14.3}How Does K-nearest Neighbor Works In Machine Learning Classification Problem? - ↑
^{15.0}^{15.1}^{15.2}^{15.3}K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) Algorithm for Machine Learning - ↑
^{16.0}^{16.1}K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) Algorithm - ↑
^{17.0}^{17.1}A New K-Nearest Neighbors Classifier for Big Data Based on Efficient Data Pruning - ↑
^{18.0}^{18.1}Develop k-Nearest Neighbors in Python From Scratch - ↑ K-nearest neighbor
- ↑
^{20.0}^{20.1}^{20.2}^{20.3}K-Nearest Neighbor(KNN) Algorithm for Machine Learning - ↑
^{21.0}^{21.1}^{21.2}^{21.3}K Nearest Neighbor - ↑
^{22.0}^{22.1}^{22.2}^{22.3}k-nearest neighbors algorithm - ↑
^{23.0}^{23.1}^{23.2}^{23.3}Machine Learning Basics with the K-Nearest Neighbors Algorithm

## 메타데이터

### 위키데이터

- ID : Q1071612

### Spacy 패턴 목록

- [{'LOWER': 'k'}, {'OP': '*'}, {'LOWER': 'nearest'}, {'LOWER': 'neighbors'}, {'LEMMA': 'algorithm'}]
- [{'LOWER': 'k'}, {'OP': '*'}, {'LOWER': 'nearest'}, {'LOWER': 'neighbor'}, {'LEMMA': 'algorithm'}]
- [{'LOWER': 'k'}, {'OP': '*'}, {'LEMMA': 'NN'}]
- [{'LEMMA': 'KNN'}]