# 타원

둘러보기로 가기 검색하러 가기

## 개요

• 원뿔의 단면에서 얻어지는 원뿔곡선의 하나
• 이차곡선의 하나이다
• 타원위의 점들은 어떤 두 점(초점)에서의 거리의 합이 일정하다

## 타원의 방정식

• 타원은 이차곡선 $$ax^2+bxy+cy^2+dx+ey+f=0$$의 판별식이 $$\Delta=b^2-4ac<0$$인 경우
• 타원의 방정식의 표준형
• $$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}=1$$
• $$a=b$$ 이면 원이다. $$a>b$$ 이면 가로( 축)로 납작한 타원, $$a<b$$ 이면 세로로 길쭉한 타원이 된다.
• 두 축 중 긴 것을 장축, 짧은 것을 단축이라 한다.
• 평행이동, 회전변환에 의해서도 변형해도 여전히 타원이 얻어짐.

$$\frac{1}{4} \left(\frac{\sqrt{3} x}{2}+\frac{y}{2}\right)^2+\left(-\frac{x}{2}+\frac{\sqrt{3} y}{2}\right)^2=1$$

## 타원내부의 면적

• 다음과 같이 주어진 타원 내부의 면적은 $$\pi a b$$ 이다$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}\leq 1$
• 타원의 넓이 항목 참조

• 다항식
• 일차식과 이차식
• 원의 방정식

## 중요한 개념 및 정리

• 타원 $$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}=1 (0<b<a)$$을 고려하자.
• 초점 $$f=\sqrt{a^2-b^2}$$라 두면, $$(\pm f,0)$$
• 이심률 (eccentricity)
• 타원이 원에서 멀어지는 것을 재는 양 . 이심률은 $$e=\frac{f}{a}=\frac{\sqrt{a^2-b^2}}{a}=\sqrt{1-\frac{b^2}{a^2}}$$로 주어진다

## 재미있는 문제

• 타원 $$\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}=1$$ 에 외접하는 사각형의 최소 넓이는
• 빛의 반사성 : 한 초점에서 나온 빛은 타원 벽에서 반사되어 다른 초점으로 들어간다.
• 매개변수표현
• 타원과 포물선 가 직교하기 위해서는 를 만족하면 된다.

## 관련된 항목들

### 관련있는 다른 과목

• 물리
• 행성운동
• 지구는 태양의 주위를, 태양을 하나의 초점으로 하는 타원궤도로 돌고 있음.
• 미술
• 원근법
• 원을 바르게 그리려면, 타원으로 그려야 함.

## 노트

• You see here, we're really, if we're on this point on the ellipse, we're really close to the origin.
• And the way I drew this, we have kind of a short and fat ellipse you can also have kind of a tall and skinny ellipse.
• But in the short and fat ellipse, the direction that you're short in that's called your minor axis.
• If b was larger than a, I would have a tall and skinny ellipse.
• ; Description Draws an ellipse (oval) to the screen.
• A straight line drawn through the foci and extended to the curve in either direction is the major diameter (or major axis) of the ellipse.
• This section focuses on the four variations of the standard form of the equation for the ellipse.
• We can draw an ellipse using a piece of cardboard, two thumbtacks, a pencil, and string.
• Place the thumbtacks in the cardboard to form the foci of the ellipse.
• The derivation of the standard form of the equation of an ellipse relies on this relationship and the distance formula.
• Eccentricity is a number that describe the degree of roundness of the ellipse.
• is the line segment passing the foci and intersects with the ellipse.
• is the line segment perpendicular to the major axis, passing the center of foci, and intersects with the ellipse.
• The formula for ellipse can be derived in many ways.
• It is an ellipse! and draw a curve.
• It goes from one side of the ellipse, through the center, to the other side, at the widest part of the ellipse.
• Try bringing the two focus points together (so the ellipse is a circle) ...
• An ellipse is the set of all points $$(x,y)$$ in a plane such that the sum of their distances from two fixed points is a constant.
• If $$(a,0)$$ is a vertex of the ellipse, the distance from $$(−c,0)$$ to $$(a,0)$$ is $$a−(−c)=a+c$$.
• It follows that $$d_1+d_2=2a$$ for any point on the ellipse.
• What is the standard form equation of the ellipse that has vertices $$(\pm 8,0)$$ and foci $$(\pm 5,0)$$?
• Populations of the ellipse are declining across the state, Inoue said.
• The storm will move into the right entrance region of the jet streak, shown by the large red ellipse.
• In other words, the orbit can be elliptical, but the ellipse can have any orientation in space.
• Supermoons occur because the moon orbits the Earth in the shape of an ellipse.
• In "primitive" geometrical terms, an ellipse is the figure you can draw in the sand by the following process: Push two sticks into the sand.
• The resulting shape drawn in the sand is an ellipse.
• Each of the two sticks you first pushed into the sand is a " focus " of the ellipse; the two together are called "foci" (FOH-siy).
• The points where the major axis touches the ellipse are the " vertices " of the ellipse.
• An ellipse is the set of all points P in a plane such that the sum of the distances from P to two fixed points is a given constant.
• The center of the ellipse is the midpoint of the line segment joining its foci.
• The major axis of the ellipse is the chord that passes through its foci and has its endpoints on the ellipse.
• The graph of an ellipse can be translated so that its center is at the point ( h , k ) .
• The ellipse is one of the four classic conic sections created by slicing a cone with a plane.
• The shape of the ellipse is described by its eccentricity.
• The larger the semi-major axis relative to the semi-minor axis, the more eccentric the ellipse is said to be.
• The equation of the ellipse can also be written in terms of the polar coordinates (r, f).
• The ellipse was first studied by Menaechmus Euclid wrote about the ellipse and it was given its present name by Apollonius .
• There is no exact formula for the length of an ellipse in elementary functions and this led to the study of elliptic functions.
• The evolute of the ellipse with equation given above is the Lamé curve.
• The ellipse is the set of all points R in the plane such that PR + QR is a fixed constant.
• An ellipse can be constructed using a piece of string.
• Then with a pencil pull the string so that the string is tight and move the string around to form the ellipse.
• This number tells us how squished the ellipse is.
• In other words, the caustic by refraction of the ellipse for rays parallel to the axis reduces to the two foci.
• Conversely, the ellipse is the boundary of any convex set with oblique axes of symmetry in every direction.
• An ellipse is the locus of all those points in a plane such that the sum of their distances from two fixed points in the plane, is constant.
• The shape of the ellipse is in an oval shape and the area of an ellipse is defined by its major axis and minor axis.
• The ellipse is one of the conic sections, that is produced, when a plane cuts the cone at an angle with the base.
• In geometry, an ellipse is a two-dimensional shape, that is defined along its axes.
• An ellipse is the set of points in a plane such that the sum of the distances from two fixed points in that plane stays constant.
• The midpoint of the segment joining the foci is called the center of the ellipse.
• When an ellipse is written in standard form, the major axis direction is determined by noting which variable has the larger denominator.
• Graph the following ellipse.
• We know that an ellipse is characterized by its squished circle or oval shape.
• An ellipse eccentricity measures how imperfectly round or squished an ellipse is.
• As the foci of an ellipse are moved towards the center, the shape of the ellipse becomes closer to that of the circle.
• If the foci of the ellipse are at the center, i.e. c = 0, then the value of eccentricity will become 0.
• The set of all points in a plane, the sum of whose distances from two fixed points in the plane is constant is an ellipse.
• These two fixed points are the foci of the ellipse (Fig. 1).
• We know that both points P and Q are on the ellipse.
• Hence, the ellipse becomes a circle.
• An ellipse is a circle that has been stretched in one direction, to give it the shape of an oval.
• But not every oval is an ellipse, as shown in Figure 1, below.
• There is a specific kind of stretching that turns a circle into an ellipse, as we shall see on the next page.
• Figure 2 hints at the nature of the type of stretching that creates an ellipse.
• The major axis is the segment that contains both foci and has its endpoints on the ellipse.
• An ellipse looks like a circle that has been squashed into an oval.
• An ellipse is defined by two points, each called a focus.
• If you take any point on the ellipse, the sum of the distances to the focus points is constant.
• In the figure above, drag the point on the ellipse around and see that while the distances to the focus points vary, their sum is constant.
• The term ellipse has been coined by Apollonius of Perga, with a connotation of being "left out".
• There are many ways to define an ellipse.
• We cite several common definitions, prove that all are equivalent, and, based on these, derive additional properties of ellipse.
• The ellipse touches the sides at the points (± a 1 ± a 2 cos δ) and (± a 1 cos δ, ± a 2 ).
• We distinguish two cases of polarization, according to the sense in which the end point of the electric vector describes the ellipse.
• F2​ are called the foci of the ellipse (singular: focus).
• F2​ is called the major axis of the ellipse, and the axis perpendicular to the major axis is the minor axis.
• A tunnel opening is shaped like a half ellipse.
• Find the equation of the ellipse assuming it is centered at the origin.
• is the line segment through the center of an ellipse defined by two points on the ellipse where the distance between them is at a minimum.
• If the major axis of an ellipse is parallel to the x-axis in a rectangular coordinate plane, we say that the ellipse is horizontal.
• If the major axis is parallel to the y-axis, we say that the ellipse is vertical.
• However, the ellipse has many real-world applications and further research on this rich subject is encouraged.
• As such, it generalizes a circle, which is the special type of ellipse in which the two focal points are the same.
• The midpoint C {\displaystyle C} of the line segment joining the foci is called the center of the ellipse.
• An arbitrary line g {\displaystyle g} intersects an ellipse at 0, 1, or 2 points, respectively called an exterior line, tangent and secant.
• \displaystyle w} which is different from P {\displaystyle P} cannot be on the ellipse.
• Click on the blue point on the ellipse and drag it to change the figure.
• The eccentricity of an ellipse is a measure of how much it is changed from a circle.
• The ellipse was first studied by Menaechmus, investigated by Euclid, and named by Apollonius.
• The focus and conic section directrix of an ellipse were considered by Pappus.
• In 1602, Kepler believed that the orbit of Mars was oval; he later discovered that it was an ellipse with the Sun at one focus.
• Let an ellipse lie along the x-axis and find the equation of the figure (1) where and are at and .