# 푸앵카레 unit disk 모델

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## 정의

• $$\mathbb{D}^2=\{z=x+iy\in \mathbb{C}:|z|=\sqrt{x^2+y^2} < 1 \}$$

## 제1기본형식

• 리만 메트릭$ds^2=\frac{4(dx^2+dy^2)}{\left(1-x^2-y^2\right)^2}=\frac{4dzd\overline{z}}{(1-|z|^2)^2}$
• $$E=\frac{4}{\left(1-x^2-y^2\right)^2}$$
• $$F=0$$
• $$G=\frac{4}{\left(1-x^2-y^2\right)^2}$$

## 크리스토펠 기호

$\begin{array}{ll} \Gamma _ {11}^1 & -\frac{2 x}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {12}^1 & -\frac{2 y}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {21}^1 & -\frac{2 y}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {22}^1 & \frac{2 x}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {11}^2 & \frac{2 y}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {12}^2 & -\frac{2 x}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {21}^2 & -\frac{2 x}{-1+x^2+y^2} \\ \Gamma _ {22}^2 & -\frac{2 y}{-1+x^2+y^2} \end{array}$

## 라플라시안

• 라플라시안$\Delta f=\frac{1}{4} \left(1-x^2-y^2\right)^2\left(\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial y^2}\right)$

## 측지선

• 측지선이 만족시키는 미분방정식은 다음과 같다

$\frac{d^2 x}{dt^2} + \Gamma^{1}_{~1 2 }\frac{dx }{dt}\frac{dy }{dt} +\Gamma^{1}_{~2 1}\frac{dx }{dt}\frac{dy }{dt}= 0$ $\frac{d^2 y }{dt^2} + \Gamma^{2}_{~1 1 }\frac{dx }{dt}\frac{dx }{dt}+\Gamma^{2}_ {~2 2}\frac{dy }{dt}\frac{dy }{dt} = 0$

• 계산된 크리스토펠 심볼을 사용하면$x''(t)+\frac{2 x y'(t)^2}{x^2+y^2-1}-\frac{2 x x'(t)^2}{x^2+y^2-1}-\frac{4 y x'(t) y'(t)}{x^2+y^2-1}=0$$y''(t)-\frac{2 y y'(t)^2}{x^2+y^2-1}+\frac{2 y x'(t)^2}{x^2+y^2-1}-\frac{4 x x'(t) y'(t)}{x^2+y^2-1}=0$

## 리만 텐서

$$\begin{array}{ll} \begin{array}{ll} R_ {111}^1 & 0 \\ R_ {112}^1 & 0 \end{array} & \begin{array}{ll} R_ {121}^1 & 0 \\ R_ {122}^1 & 0 \end{array} \\ \begin{array}{ll} R_ {211}^1 & 0 \\ R_ {212}^1 & -\frac{4}{\left(x^2+y^2-1\right)^2} \end{array} & \begin{array}{ll} R_ {221}^1 & \frac{4}{\left(x^2+y^2-1\right)^2} \\ R_ {222}^1 & 0 \end{array} \\ \begin{array}{ll} R_ {111}^2 & 0 \\ R_ {112}^2 & \frac{4}{\left(x^2+y^2-1\right)^2} \end{array} & \begin{array}{ll} R_ {121}^2 & -\frac{4}{\left(x^2+y^2-1\right)^2} \\ R_ {122}^2 & 0 \end{array} \\ \begin{array}{ll} R_ {211}^2 & 0 \\ R_ {212}^2 & 0 \end{array} & \begin{array}{ll} R_ {221}^2 & 0 \\ R_ {222}^2 & 0 \end{array} \end{array}$$